The palaeo-ichnology of the Miocene deposits in the Romanian Carpathians A short overview of existing data referring to the uncovered footprints of vertebrates in the Miocene deposits, their taxonomy, a hypothesis regarding the paleo-environmental condition within the region and the genesis of these deposits

Main Article Content

Nicolae PANIN


The paper refers to the paleo-ichnology of the Miocene Molasse deposits in the Romanian Carpathians. The principles of systematics and nomenclature of the vertebrate traces from these deposits are briefly presented. Follows a review of the ichno-fossiliferous points in the Carpathians, with a complete inventory of the traces discovered in each ichno-fossiliferous region. In the next chapter, the vertebrate tracks are described and each ichnospecies is illustrated. In the end, the article presents a hypothesis regarding the formation of the flish-like Miocene Molasse deposits having footprints of vertebrates coexisting with mechanical traces generated by strong currents (scour - and tool-marks) but also with wave ripple-marks and traces of rain drops. The present article is actually a synthesis of the papers published in 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966 and 1968 by N. Panin and N. Panin in collaboration with other researchers.

Article Details

How to Cite
PANIN, Nicolae. The palaeo-ichnology of the Miocene deposits in the Romanian Carpathians. Geo-Eco-Marina, [S.l.], v. 28, p. 73-87, dec. 2022. ISSN 1224-6808. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 01 mar. 2024. doi: