The palaeo-ichnology of the Miocene deposits in the Romanian Carpathians

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Nicolae PANIN


The paper refers to the paleo-ichnology of the Miocene Molasse deposits in the Romanian Carpathians. The principles of systematics and nomenclature of the vertebrate traces from these deposits are briefly presented. Follows a review of the ichno-fossiliferous points in the Carpathians, with a complete inventory of the traces discovered in each ichno-fossiliferous region. In the next chapter, the vertebrate tracks are described and each ichnospecies is illustrated. In the end, the article presents a hypothesis regarding the formation of the flish-like Miocene Molasse deposits having footprints of vertebrates coexisting with mechanical traces generated by strong currents (scour - and tool-marks) but also with wave ripple-marks and traces of rain drops. The present article is actually a synthesis of the papers published in 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966 and 1968 by N. Panin and N. Panin in collaboration with other researchers.

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PANIN, Nicolae. The palaeo-ichnology of the Miocene deposits in the Romanian Carpathians. Geo-Eco-Marina, [S.l.], v. 28, p. 73-87, dec. 2022. ISSN 1224-6808. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 22 mar. 2023. doi: